Technologies and Asylum Procedures

After the COVID-19 pandemic halted many asylum procedures across Europe, new technologies have become reviving these kinds of systems. From lie detection tools examined at the border to a program for confirming documents and transcribes selection interviews, a wide range of technology is being found in asylum applications. This article is exploring how these technologies have reshaped the ways asylum procedures are conducted. It reveals how asylum seekers happen to be transformed into obligated hindered techno-users: They are asked to adhere to a series of techno-bureaucratic steps and keep up with unstable tiny within criteria and deadlines. This kind of obstructs the capacity to browse through these devices and to pursue their right for coverage.

It also illustrates how these technologies happen to be embedded in refugee governance: They assist in the ‘circuits of financial-humanitarianism’ that function through a whirlwind of dispersed technological requirements. These requirements increase asylum seekers’ socio-legal precarity simply by hindering them from interacting with the channels of safeguard. It further argues that analyses of securitization and victimization should be put together with an insight into the disciplinary mechanisms of these technologies, by which migrants are turned into data-generating subjects who all are regimented by their reliance on technology.

Drawing on Foucault’s notion of power/knowledge and comarcal expertise, the article argues that these solutions have an inherent obstructiveness. They have a double impact: while they help to expedite the asylum method, they also generate it difficult designed for refugees to navigate these types of systems. They are positioned in a ‘knowledge deficit’ that makes all of them vulnerable to illegitimate decisions manufactured by non-governmental actors, and ill-informed and unreliable narratives about their instances. Moreover, that they pose fresh risks of’machine mistakes’ which may result in inaccurate or discriminatory outcomes.

6 December 2023
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